Géza Maróczy was a Hungarian chess player who was one of the leading players in the world in his time. He was born on March 3, 1870, in Szeged, Hungary, and died on May 29, 1951, in Budapest, Hungary, at the age of 81.
Maróczy won the “minor” tournament at Hastings in 1895, and over the next ten years, he won several first prizes in international events.
Between 1902 and 1908, he took part in thirteen tournaments and won five first prizes and five second prizes.
Maróczy was one of the first players to be awarded the title International Grandmaster from FIDE in 1950. Today, the Maróczy Bind and the Maróczy Gambit bear his name.
Maróczy agreed to terms for a World Championship match with Emanuel Lasker in 1906, but the arrangements could not be finalized, and the match never took place. Maróczy continued competing in tournaments throughout the 1930s.
Maróczy was known for his positional play and endgame technique. He was particularly skilled in queen-and-pawn endgames, and his technique in this area was highly regarded.
Maróczy was one of the inaugural recipients of the title of Grandmaster from FIDE in 1950. He was one of the first players to be awarded the title, which is the highest title a chess player can attain.
One of Maróczy’s most famous games is his victory over Frank Marshall at the 1907 Ostend tournament. In this game, Maróczy demonstrated his exceptional queen-and-pawn endgame technique.