Who Is The Youngest Chess World Champion?

Garry Kasparov is the youngest chess world champion, having achieved this feat at the age of 22 in 1985. He broke the record previously held by Mikhail Tal. Kasparov is widely recognized as one of the greatest chess players in history and has made significant contributions to the game.

World Chess Champions by year

The World Chess Champions by year are as follows:

  • Wilhelm Steinitz (1886-1894)
  • Emanuel Lasker (1894-1921)
  • José Raúl Capablanca (1921-1927)
  • Alexander Alekhine (1927-1935, 1937-1946)
  • Max Euwe (1935-1937)
  • Mikhail Botvinnik (1948-1957, 1958-1960, 1961-1963, 1963-1969, 1969-1972)
  • Vasily Smyslov (1957-1958)
  • Mikhail Tal (1960-1961)
  • Tigran Petrosian (1963-1969)
  • Boris Spassky (1969-1972)
  • Bobby Fischer (1972-1975)
  • Anatoly Karpov (1975-1985)
  • Garry Kasparov (1985-2000)
  • Vladimir Kramnik (2000-2007)
  • Viswanathan Anand (2007-2013)
  • Magnus Carlsen (2013-2023)
  • Ding Liren (2023-present)

How did Garry Kasparov became the youngest world chess champion?

Garry Kasparov became the youngest world chess champion in 1985 at the age of 22 by defeating then-champion Anatoly Karpov.

Kasparov’s victory came after a closely contested 24-game series against Karpov, making him the youngest official champion in the history of the game.

Kasparov’s achievement broke the previous record held by Mikhail Tal for over two decades. This victory marked the beginning of Kasparov’s illustrious career, during which he held the title for 15 years until 2000

Garry Kasparov Bio

Garry Kasparov, born on April 13, 1963, in Baku, Azerbaijan, is a Russian chess grandmaster, former World Chess Champion, political activist, and writer.

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He was born Garik Kimovich Weinstein and is partly of Jewish descent. Kasparov’s involvement in Russian politics began in the 1980s, and he has been a prominent figure in the pro-democracy movement in Russia.

In 2005, after 20 years as the world’s top-rated player, he retired from professional chess to join the Russian pro-democracy movement.

Kasparov has been a vocal critic of Vladimir Putin’s regime and has been involved in various political movements aimed at restoring democracy in Russia.

He is also a global human-rights activist, business speaker, and author. Kasparov has made significant contributions to the game of chess and is widely regarded as one of the greatest chess players of all time. He has been married to Daria and has children named Aida, Polina, and Vadim. 


How did Garry Kasparov become involved in politics?

Garry Kasparov’s involvement in politics began in the 1980s. Here are some key events and milestones in his political journey:

  • In 1984, Kasparov joined the Soviet Union’s ruling party, the Communist Party
  • In 1987, he was elected to the Central Committee of Komsomol, a Soviet youth organization
  • In 1990, Kasparov left the Communist Party and, along with other like-minded individuals, helped create the Democratic Party of Russia. He was elected one of the deputy chairmen of the party.
  • In June 1993, Kasparov was involved in the creation of the “Vybor Rossii” (Russia’s Choice) electoral bloc
  • In 2005, after retiring from chess, Kasparov founded the United Civil Front, a social movement aimed at preserving electoral democracy in Russia
  • In 2006, Kasparov joined The Other Russia, a coalition of political and civil forces
  • In 2007, he was elected as a joint opposition candidate for the 2008 presidential election
  • In 2008, Kasparov became one of the founders and a member of the Federal Bureau of the United Democratic Movement “Solidarity”
  • Since 2011, he has been the head of the Foundation for the Protection of Human Rights.
  • In October 2012, he was elected to the Coordinating Council of the Russian Opposition
  • In March 2010, Kasparov signed an appeal of the Russian opposition called “Putin must go”
  • In June 2013, he announced his departure from Russia and the continuation of his fight against Putin’s regime in the international arena
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Kasparov has been a vocal critic of Vladimir Putin’s regime and has been involved in various political movements aimed at restoring democracy in Russia. 

Garry Kasparov IQ

Garry Kasparov’s IQ has been a subject of interest and debate. While many sources estimate his IQ to be between 180-190, Kasparov actually scored 135 on an IQ test he took in 1987-88 for a German magazine, Der Spiegel.

This test included various assessments meant to evaluate his memory, abstract thinking, and spatial strength.

However, some sources claim that his IQ score is 180-190, which is merely an estimate and not a true test number. Regardless of the exact number, Kasparov’s IQ is widely acknowledged to be significantly higher than the general population, and he is considered one of the most gifted and intelligent individuals in the world.

Garry Kasparov vs Magnus Carlsen

Garry Kasparov and Magnus Carlsen have had a few notable encounters in their careers, both in friendly games and competitive matches. Here are some key moments:

  1. In 2004, a 13-year-old Magnus Carlsen played against Garry Kasparov in the Reykjavik Rapid tournament. The young prodigy came close to beating Kasparov in one of the games before Kasparov used his experience to escape with a draw. 
  2. In 2013, Kasparov and Carlsen played a series of games against each other, which were analyzed on YouTube. In these games, Kasparov emerged victorious in two out of three games, with the third game resulting in a draw. 
  3. In another YouTube video from 2011, Kasparov and Carlsen were compared in a game against a lion, with Kasparov being the lion. 
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While these encounters are limited, they showcase the talent and skill of both players. Garry Kasparov, a former World Chess Champion, has a legendary career and has been influential in the development of many chess players, including Magnus Carlsen.

Final Verdict

In conclusion, Garry Kasparov’s achievement of becoming the youngest World Chess Champion at the age of 22 is a testament to his immense talent, dedication, and determination.

His record-breaking victory in 1985 marked a significant turning point in the world of chess, as it demonstrated that a young player could rise to the highest level and challenge the established champions of the time.

This accomplishment has inspired generations of chess players and continues to stand as a symbol of the sport’s unrelenting pursuit of excellence.